How is the Adoption of Fuel Cell Technology Shaping the Future of Green Hydrogen in India’s Renewable Energy Sector

By Shalin Sheth

India, with its ambitious goals for clean energy, is increasingly turning its focus towards Green Hydrogen, a sustainable energy resource. The country’s commitment to reducing carbon emissions has been significantly bolstered by the adoption of fuel cell technology. This article explores how this technology is influencing the growth of Green Hydrogen in India’s renewable energy sector. India’s commitment to a net zero emission target by 2070 and a significant reduction in power generation from fossil fuels underlines the country’s dedication to green energy transition. The renewable energy sector in India is expected to see substantial growth, with investments projected to reach $16.5 billion in 2024.

The Rise of Green Hydrogen in India

Green Hydrogen, produced through the electrolysis of water using renewable energy sources like solar and wind, presents a promising avenue for India to meet its energy requirements sustainably. Unlike grey or blue hydrogen, Green Hydrogen production emits no greenhouse gases, aligning with India’s environmental goals. India’s abundant solar and wind resources provide an ideal backdrop for the large-scale production of Green Hydrogen, paving the way for a cleaner, more sustainable future.

Fuel Cell Technology: A Catalyst for Change

Fuel cell technology, which generates electricity through a chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen, is at the forefront of this green revolution. This technology not only offers a cleaner alternative to fossil fuels but also boasts higher efficiency rates. In India, the adoption of fuel cell technology is seen as a catalyst for the growth of the Green Hydrogen sector. This is due to its potential in a range of applications, from powering vehicles to providing grid-scale energy solutions.

One of the most significant applications of fuel cell technology in India is in the transportation sector. With increasing urbanization and a growing economy, India faces substantial challenges related to air pollution and fuel dependency. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) offer a viable solution. They produce zero tailpipe emissions and have a higher range and faster refueling capabilities compared to battery electric vehicles. The Indian government’s push towards FCVs, through initiatives like the National Hydrogen Mission, is expected to transform the transportation landscape, making it greener and more sustainable.

Grid Stability and Energy Storage

Another vital application of fuel cell technology lies in energy storage and grid stabilization. India’s renewable energy sector is characterized by variability and intermittency due to its reliance on solar and wind sources. Fuel cells can generate electricity from the Hydrogen stored as surplus energy generated during peak hours and release it when there’s a deficit, thus maintaining grid stability. This aspect of fuel cell technology makes it an indispensable tool in managing the energy demands of a country with a vast and diverse landscape like India.

Industrial Applications and Decarbonization

The industrial sector, particularly industries like steel and chemicals, is another area where Green Hydrogen and fuel cells can play a pivotal role. These sectors are traditionally energy-intensive and reliant on fossil fuels. The introduction of Green Hydrogen as a clean fuel alternative, aided by fuel cell technology, can help in significantly reducing carbon emissions. This shift is not only crucial for meeting India’s climate commitments but also for maintaining the competitiveness of its industries in a global market increasingly focused on sustainability.

Advait Infratech’s collaboration with Jiangsu HuaDe Hydrogen Energy Technology marks a significant milestone in advancing India’s clean energy sector. By establishing a fuel cell production factory in Gujarat using HuaDe’s design, Advait aims to tap into India’s vast market for fuel cell systems. This partnership, leveraging the latest tools and technology, signifies a commitment to producing high-quality fuel cell systems for city gas and pure hydrogen applications.

Challenges and the Road Ahead

Despite the promising outlook, the adoption of fuel cell technology in India faces several challenges. High costs of fuel cell and hydrogen production technology, lack of infrastructure, and the need for large-scale investments are some of the hurdles. However, with the government’s supportive policies, research and development initiatives, and collaborations with international partners, these challenges are being actively addressed.


The adoption of fuel cell technology in India marks a significant step towards a green energy future. As the country strives to meet its renewable energy targets and reduce its carbon footprint, Green Hydrogen emerges as a key player. The integration of fuel cells in various sectors, from transportation to industrial, points to a transformative phase in India’s energy landscape. While challenges remain, the potential for a sustainable, clean energy future powered by Green Hydrogen and fuel cells is both exciting and attainable.


(The article is authored by Shalin Sheth, Founder & Managing Director, Advait Infratech Limited, and the views expressed in this article are his own)