How FMCG Industry is Pledging to Promote Sustainable Practices

By Mr. Manish Aggarwal


The Fast-Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) industry, renowned for its swift production cycles and rapid market turnovers, is undergoing a notable transformation with a collective commitment towards promoting sustainable practices. Traditionally characterized by its focus on convenience, affordability, and mass consumption, the FMCG sector is now recognizing the imperative to align its operations with environmental and social responsibility.


In recent years, global concerns about climate change, resource depletion, and environmental degradation have spurred a heightened awareness among consumers. This shift in consumer consciousness has become a catalyst for change within the FMCG sector, prompting industry leaders to reassess their business models and embrace sustainability as a core value.


The pledge towards sustainability is not merely a response to regulatory pressures or consumer demands; it reflects a fundamental shift in the industry’s ethos. Leading FMCG players are viewing sustainability not as a mere checkbox on a corporate social responsibility list but as a strategic imperative for long-term success and resilience in a rapidly evolving business landscape.


Here are some of the ways FMCG industry is fostering sustainability practises:  


Clean Fuel Solutions

The FMCG industry is increasingly transitioning towards sustainable energy sources such as Piped Natural Gas (PNG) for power backup operations, solar energy eliminating the use of diesel entirely. This shift towards clean fuel solutions aligns with the industry’s commitment to reducing carbon emissions and promoting environmental sustainability.


Heat Recovery System

FMCG companies are proactively implementing sustainability measures, such as installing Heat Recovery Systems with capacities like 95 TR (Ton of Refrigeration) on their chimneys, to enhance energy efficiency and reduce environmental impact. These systems utilize vapors emitted from fryers, effectively recovering waste heat for productive use. By implementing such environmentally friendly measures, FMCG companies contribute to reducing their carbon footprint and promoting sustainability in their operations. Moreover, these systems eliminate the use of harmful substances like CFCs (Chlorofluorocarbons), aligning with the industry’s commitment to environmental responsibility. Additionally, the adoption of heat recovery technology results in lower electricity consumption, leading to significant energy savings for FMCG facilities.


Anaerobic Effluent Treatment:


Various FMCG companies are integrating anaerobic effluent treatment systems into their operations to enhance sustainability. These systems utilize anaerobic processes to treat wastewater, producing biogas as a byproduct. This biogas is then efficiently utilized by mixing it with PNG (Piped Natural Gas), reducing the reliance on conventional energy sources and promoting environmental conservation. By implementing anaerobic treatment, FMCG facilities experience reduced sludge production, minimizing waste generation and lowering disposal costs. Furthermore, the utilization of biogas alongside PNG helps in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to a cleaner environment and mitigating climate change effects.


Compost Machines

FMCG companies are also installing compost machines as part of their sustainability initiatives. These machines are utilized to convert organic waste such as potato peels and kitchen wet waste into compost. These machines efficiently handle waste generated from various operations, particularly from potato chips production lines. The resulting compost serves as a valuable resource for soil enrichment, providing essential nutrients and organic matter for healthy plant growth. By utilizing compost derived from organic waste, FMCG companies can reduce their reliance on chemical fertilizers, thereby minimizing the environmental impact associated with their agricultural activities.


Solar Power

FMCG companies are turning to solar panel installations as part of their commitment to sustainability. By harnessing solar energy, these installations generate an impressive 2000-2500 units of electricity per day, significantly reducing reliance on conventional energy sources. Solar power is a renewable energy source, offering numerous environmental benefits such as lower carbon emissions and reduced dependence on fossil fuels.


Water Conservation

FMCG companies are implementing initiatives to utilize treated water for watering the green belt surrounding their factories. This practice contributes to the conservation of freshwater resources by reducing reliance on potable water sources for non-potable purposes. In addition to conserving water, utilizing treated water enhances the aesthetics of the landscape around the factory premises. Lush greenery not only improves the visual appeal but also provides habitat and support for biodiversity, fostering a sustainable ecosystem.


Green Plantations

In a bid to transform their factory surroundings, FMCG giants are embracing the Miyawaki method, an innovative approach to creating vibrant green landscapes. This innovative method of afforestation involves planting a diverse array of native tree species in a small area, resulting in dense and biodiverse forests. One of the key benefits of Miyawaki process plantation is its ability to regulate temperature in the surrounding area. The dense foliage provides natural shade and helps cool the environment, creating a more comfortable working environment for employees and reducing the heat island effect. Furthermore, the Miyawaki process plantation promotes biodiversity by creating habitats for various plant and animal species.


Innovative Sludge Management Technology

Initiating a new era of sustainability, FMCG companies are revolutionizing their waste management strategies by integrating cutting-edge technologies like decanters. These innovative solutions enhance energy efficiency, minimize odor concerns, and expedite the dewatering process. By embracing such advanced systems, FMCG firms are reaffirming their commitment to environmental stewardship while optimizing operational efficiency.


Rainwater Harvesting

Harnessing the power of nature, rainwater harvesting has emerged as a sustainable practice embraced by FMCG companies. This process involves collecting and storing rainwater for multiple purposes, including groundwater recharge and supporting sustainable practices. By implementing rainwater harvesting systems, FMCG firms contribute to environmental conservation efforts while promoting efficient water management within their operations.


Smart Water Management

In a bid to enhance water conservation efforts, FMCG companies are spearheading initiatives like the Water Flow Meter Project. This innovative approach to smart water management marks a significant step towards curbing water wastage and promoting sustainability. By harnessing data-driven decision-making, these companies are not only reducing their environmental footprint but also bolstering their resilience to water scarcity challenges.


End Note:


The FMCG industry’s commitment to promoting sustainable practices is evident through a multitude of initiatives aimed at reducing environmental impact, conserving resources, and fostering a greener future. By embracing innovative technologies, implementing eco-friendly solutions, and prioritizing corporate responsibility, FMCG companies are not only driving positive change within their operations but also inspiring others to follow suit. With a collective effort towards sustainability, the FMCG industry is poised to make a significant contribution towards building a more resilient and environmentally-conscious world for generations to come.



(The author is Mr. Manish Aggarwal, Director, Bikano, Bikanervala Foods Pvt Ltd., and the views expressed in this article are his own)