The Impact of Artificial Intelligence in Oncology: Enhancing Diagnosis, Treatment, and Research – Mr. Dinesh Chauhan, CEO, CORE Diagnostics

By Dinesh Chauhan

The transformative impact of artificial intelligence (AI) in oncology is reshaping the landscape of cancer care in India, a country where the battle against cancer presents unique challenges and opportunities. Annually, over 1.3 million new cancer cases are reported and late diagnosis remains a concern, and resource constraints limit access to quality care. However, the integration of AI into oncology is transforming the landscape, it aids in early cancer detection through image analysis, enables precision medicine by tailoring treatment plans, and accelerates drug discovery, offering new hope in the fight against cancer.

The Current Landscape of Cancer Care in India

India records a staggering number of cancer cases each year, with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) reporting an estimated 1.1 million new cancer cases in 2020 alone. The mortality rate is equally concerning, with nearly 700,000 deaths attributed to cancer annually. These figures highlight the urgent need for improved diagnostic and treatment services. The late diagnosis of cancer remains a significant challenge, with approximately 70% of cases being detected at advanced stages, drastically reducing the chances of survival.

 AI in Cancer Diagnosis

AI’s role in transforming cancer diagnosis is pivotal. For instance, AI algorithms have demonstrated the ability to detect breast cancer from mammograms with accuracy rates exceeding 90%, a significant improvement over traditional methods. In a country like India, where there is approximately one radiologist for every 100,000 people, AI can play a crucial role in bridging the gap in diagnostic services. This technology not only enhances the accuracy of diagnoses but also significantly speeds up the process, enabling earlier detection and treatment of cancer.

 AI-Driven Treatment Protocols

The personalization of cancer treatment through AI is another area of significant impact. By analyzing vast datasets, including genetic information and patient responses to various treatments, AI can identify the most effective treatment protocols for individual patients. This approach is particularly beneficial in a diverse country like India, where genetic and environmental factors can significantly influence treatment outcomes. AI-driven models can predict patient responses to different chemotherapy drugs, for instance, with a reported accuracy of up to 80%, enabling oncologists to tailor treatments to the specific needs of their patients.

 Fostering Research and Innovation

AI is also accelerating oncology research in India, where the need for innovative treatment solutions is acute. By analyzing data from global clinical trials and medical records, AI can identify potential new drug candidates and treatment approaches much faster than traditional research methods. This capability is crucial for a country aiming to improve its cancer care infrastructure and outcomes. AI-driven simulations of clinical trials can predict the efficacy of cancer treatments, potentially reducing the time and cost associated with bringing new therapies to market.

 Case Studies and Notable Advancements

In India, notable advancements include the development of AI tools for the early detection of oral cancer, which has a high prevalence due to tobacco use. AI algorithms are being trained to identify precancerous lesions from images with a high degree of accuracy, offering a scalable solution for early detection in rural and underserved areas. Another example is the use of AI in predicting breast cancer recurrence, with models achieving accuracy rates that significantly aid in treatment planning and patient management.

 Integrating AI into Oncology Practices

The integration of AI into oncology practices in India involves overcoming challenges related to infrastructure, data privacy, and professional training. However, the potential benefits are immense. AI can streamline clinical operations, from patient scheduling to monitoring treatment responses, improving the efficiency and effectiveness of care. Moreover, AI tools can assist in managing patient data, enabling more informed decision-making and personalized care.

 Looking Forward

The future of AI-driven oncology care in India is promising, with the potential for further advancements in diagnostic tools, treatment protocols, and research methodologies. The ongoing development of AI technologies promises to make cancer care more accessible, accurate, and personalized, significantly improving patient outcomes.



The impact of AI in oncology represents a significant step forward in the fight against cancer in India. By enhancing diagnostic processes, personalizing treatment protocols, and fostering innovative research, AI is setting the stage for a future where cancer care is more effective, efficient, and equitable. As AI continues to be integrated into oncology practices, it offers hope for improved survival rates and quality of life for cancer patients across India.


(The author is Dinesh Chauhan, CEO, CORE Diagnostics, and the views expressed in this article are his own)